DAT - DELIVERED AT TERMINAL (... named terminal at port or place of destination)
The Seller delivers the goods at the named terminal which could be a port terminal, container terminal, railway terminal, airport or any other hub. Risk transfer to buyer takes place once the goods are unloaded at the named place of destination.
DAP - DELIVERED AT PLACE (... named place of destination)
The Seller delivers when the goods are placed at the Buyer's disposal on the arriving means of transport ready for unloading at the names place of destination. The Seller bears all risks involved in bringing the goods to the named place.
DDP - DELIVERED DUTY PAID (... named place)
The Seller delivers the goods -cleared for import - to the Buyer at destination. The Seller bears all costs and risks of moving the goods to destination, including the payment of Customs duties and taxes.
Some points which need to be noticed or practiced are;
State "INCOTERMS 2010" or “INCOTERM 2000” whichever you want to use and specify the place or port as precisely as possible.
A common misconception when the Seller pays the freight is that the Seller has the risk of loss until the goods are delivered to the place or port specified on the bill of lading or airway bill. Actually, when using INCOTERMS CPT, CIP, CFR or CIF, risk transfers to the Buyer when the Seller hands the goods over to the carrier at origin, not when the goods reach the place or port of destination.
No Incoterms other than CIF & CIP obligates seller to arrange insurance on behalf of buyer.
Unless specifically asked by buyer, under CIP and CIF, the Seller is only obliged to obtain insurance on minimum cover not on all risk.
Understand who has responsibility for loading and unloading.